Question:

Does cursing break your wudu?

Answer:
All praise is to Allah and peace be upon His Messenger:

Cursing is not considered from those acts that breaks wudu (ablution) but its not from the good characteristics.

The Prophet ﷺ said:

لَا يَنْبَغِي لِصِدِّيقٍ أَنْ يَكُونَ لَعَّانًا

It is not befitting the truthful that they curse others. [Muslim]

Rather it equals to a murder, as narrated in hadeeth:

وَلَعْنُ الْمُؤْمِنِ كَقَتْلِهِ وَمَنْ رَمَى مُؤْمِنًا بِكُفْرٍ فَهُوَ كَقَتْلِهِ

Cursing a believer is like killing him and charging a believer with unbelief is like killing him. [Bukhari]

and if someone the curse doesn’t hit the right aim it will reverse back to the person who initiated, as narrated:

إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ إِذَا لَعَنَ شَيْئًا صَعِدَتْ اللَّعْنَةُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَتُغْلَقُ أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ دُونَهَا ثُمَّ تَهْبِطُ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ فَتُغْلَقُ أَبْوَابُهَا دُونَهَا ثُمَّ تَأْخُذُ يَمِينًا وَشِمَالًا فَإِذَا لَمْ تَجِدْ مَسَاغًا رَجَعَتْ إِلَى الَّذِي لُعِنَ فَإِنْ كَانَ لِذَلِكَ أَهْلًا وَإِلَّا رَجَعَتْ إِلَى قَائِلِهَا

Verily, when a servant curses something, the curse rises to the heaven and the gates of heaven close upon it. It turns right and left and if it does not find somewhere to go, it will return to that which was cursed only if it deserved to be curse; otherwise, the curse will return to the one who made it.

[Abu Dawood]

So, does cursing breaks wudu? No.

Wudu is only broke in certain conditions like if someone falls asleep, or faints, or does intercourse, defecates, or urinates etc.

and Allah knows the best.

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